Adelson, JM; Helz, GR; Miller, CV. 2001. “Reconstructing the Rise of Recent Coastal Anoxia; Molybdenum in Chesapeake Bay Sediments.” Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 65(2):237-252.

Boesch, DF; Brinsfield, RB; Magnien, RE. 2001. “Chesapeake Bay Eutrophication: Scientific Understanding, Ecosystem Restoration, and Challenges for Agriculture.” Journal of Environmental Quality, 30:303-320.

Breitburg, DL. 1990. “Near-shore Hypoxia in the Chesapeake Bay: Patterns and Relationships Among Physical Factors.” Estuarine, Coastal, and Shelf Science, 30:593-609.

Breitburg, DL. 1992. “Episodic Hypoxia in Chesapeake Bay: Interacting Effects of Recruitment, Behavior, and Physical Disturbance.” Ecological Monographs, 62(4):525-546.

Breitburg, DL. 2002. “Effects of Hypoxia, and the Balance Between Hypoxia and Enrichment, on Coastal Fishes and Fisheries.” Estuaries, 25(4b):767-781.

Chen, N; Bianchi, TS; KcKee, BA; Bland, JM. 2001. “Historical Trends of Hypoxia on the Louisiana Shelf: Application of Pigments as Biomarkers.” Organic Geochemistry, 32:543-561.

Chesapeake Bay Foundation (CBF). 2005. Bay Resources: The Chesapeake Bay Watershed.

Diaz, RJ. 2001. “Overview of Hypoxia Around the World.” Journal of Environmental Quality, 30(2):275-281.

Flemer, DA; Kruczynski, WL; Ruth, BF; Bundrick, CM. 1999. “The Relative Influence of Hypoxia, Anoxia, and Associated Environmental Factors as Determinants of Macrobenthic community Structure in a Northern Gulf of Mexico Estuary.” Journal of Aquatic Ecosystem Stress and Recovery, 6:311-328.

Justic, D; Rabalais, NN; Turner, RE. 1996. “Effects of climate Change on Hypoxia in Coastal Waters: A Doubled CO2 Scenario for the Northern Gulf of Mexico.” Limnology and Oceanography, 41(5):992-1003.

Justic, D; Turner, RE; Rabalais, NN. 2003. “Climatic Influences on Riverine Nitrate Flux: Implications for Coastal Marine Eutrophication and Hypoxia.” Estuaries, 26(1):1-11.

Goolsby, DA; Battaglin, WA; Hooper, RP. 1997. “Sources and Transport of Nitrogen in the Mississippi River Basin.” Presented at the American Farm Bureau Federation Workshop, From the Corn Belt to the Gulf…Agriculture and Hypoxia in the Mississippi River Watershed, July 14-15, 1997, St. Louis, Missouri.

Gore, R.H. 1992. The Gulf of Mexico. Pineapple Press, Inc. Sarasota Florida.

Hagy, JD; Boynton, WR; Keefe, CW; Wood, KV. 2004. “Hypoxia in Chesapeake Bay, 1950-2001: Long-term Change in Relation to Nutrient Loading and River Flow.” Estuaries, 27(4):634-658.

Keister, JE; Houde, ED; Breitburg, DL. 2000. “Effects of Bottom-Layer Hypoxia on Abundances and Depth Distributions of Organisms in Patuxent River, Chesapeake, Bay.” Marine Ecology Progress Series, 205:43-59

Paerl, HW. 1988. “Nuisance Phytoplankton Blooms in Coastal, Estuarine, and Inland Waters.” Limnology and Oceanography, 33(4, part 2):823-847.

Perl, HW. 1997. “Coastal Eutrophication and Harmful Algal Blooms: Importance of Atmospheric Deposition and Groundwater as ‘New’ Nitrogen and Other Nutrient Sources.” Limnology and Oceanography, 42(5, part 2):1154-1165.

Purcell, JE; White, JR; Roman, MR. 1994. Predation Mortality of Bay Anchovy Anchoa mitchilli Eggs and Larvae Due to Scyphomedusae and Ctenophores in Chesapeake Bay. Marine Ecology Progress Series 114:47-58

Rabalais, NN; Turner, ER; Justic, D; Dortch, Q; Wiseman, WJ. 1999. Characterization of Hypoxia: Topic 1 Report for the Integrated Assessment of Hypoxia in the Gulf of Mexico. U.S. Department of Commerce and National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration. May 1999.

Rabalais, NN; Turner, E; Wiseman, WJ. 2001. “Hypoxia in the Gulf of Mexico.” Journal of Environmental Quality, 30: 320-329.

Rabalais, NN; Turner, E; Wiseman, WJ. 2002. “Gulf of Mexico Hypoxia, a.k.a. ‘The Dead Zone.’” Annual Review of Ecological Systems, 33:235-263.

Reshetiloff, K (ed.) 1995. “Chesapeake Bay: An Introduction to an Ecosystem.” EPA 903-R-04-003. CBP/TRS 232/00. Available:

United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA). 2004. Mississippi River Basin Challenges: Hypoxia in Other Areas of the United States:

Zimmerman, AR and Canuel, EA. 2002. “Sediment Geochemical Records of Eutrophication in the Mesohaline Chesapeake Bay.” Limnology and Oceanography, 47(4):1084-1093.










































Dickinson College Department of Environmental Studies
LUCE Semester Program
Date last revised: May 13, 2005